How you can improve
biodiversity in your garden
Table of Contents
Attracting Australian wildlife isn’t an easy task. Natural wildlife visiting our homes and gardens is a rarity that we all enjoy. In this guide, we’ll show you how to increase biodiversity and attract some of the unique wildlife Australia has to offer.
When building your garden, the main factors for increasing biodiversity is providing shelter from predators, a water source, plants that attract prey, plants that provide food and adjoining bushland to your property.
Water Sources attract a large variety of animals and insects
Why you need insects in your garden
Our Favorite plants, veggies and herbs to attract insect life
- Flowering Gum
- Gum tree
- Native blue bell
- Everlasting daisies
Building your insect hotels
Making your garden a hub for butterflies
Once the caterpillar grows into a butterfly your garden will be a constant food source, until then you will need to diversify what you grow.
Keep away from pesticides or chemicals, while they may make your life easier, they definitely won’t make butterflies. It can have a negative effect on the entire ecosystem and a passing butterfly will think twice before he lands on one of your flowers.
Plants that provide food and cover for caterpillars
- Native laurels
- Kangaroo grass
- Purple coral pea
- Running Postman
- Native Laurels
- Native violets
- Bush peas
- Purple Fan Flower
- Native Cassia
Nectar Rich Flowers are the key to a butterflies heart
- Goodenia species
- Kangaroo paw
- Tea tree
Attracting bird species to your Garden
It’s difficult for us to give specific recommendations on what birds you can attract to your garden, simply because different areas and geography naturally have different species of bird life. That’s why we’re keeping it rather general and recommend you research what local birds live in your local area.
Diversify what you grow
Grow Native Trees that provide food sources and cover
Be wary of bird seed
Nectar Feeding birds
- New Holland honeyeaters
- Eastern spinebills
- Lewin’s honeyeaters
- Rainbow lorikeets
- Red wattlebirds
Nectar providing trees
- Bottle Brushes
- Kangaroo paw
Granivores or seed eaters
- Crested pigeons
- Sulphur crested cockatoos
- Crimson rosellas
Naturally produce seeds
- Australian Acacia
- Wallaby grasses
- Ruby saltbush
Multi purpose food sources
- Sweet bursaria
- Bottle Brush
Insect eating bird species
- Everlasting daisies
- Clustered everlasting
- Shiny everlasting
- Chocolate lily
- Bulbine lily
- Flax lily
- Billy buttons
Birds such as the Kookaburra, Currawongs and Owls are attracted when you have a diverse ecosystem. You’ll need wildlife in your garden and to begin, the best way is to cut out all pesticides and chemical use. Attracting small mammals and rodents is your best bet.
Reptile friendly gardens
While reptiles spend most of their time on the ground, trees that posses bark provide food and hidden cover. If you have barked trees, avoid removing and clearing away the bark. Keep it for the little critters passing by.
Making your garden a safe place for reptile life can be easy, a hollow log into your garden for them to scurry away from the prying eyes of predators, small shrubs, and wood chips can also make your garden an attractive home.
Similar to the butterflies, stones, or rocks with access to the sun can provide perfect sunbathing areas for our cold blooded friends.
Their sunbathing spot ideally should be elevated or nearby to a place of safety if they’re rudely awakened by a predator. Providing plenty of shelter and hiding places are ideal for a lizard’s environment. As always, an area where they can hydrate such as a pond is ideal.
The best plants and trees for attracting lizards
Lizards have a tough life and their residence must be full of cover and shelters to keep away any predators. This is great for any reptile lover because we can provide them with all the protection they need.
Plants that provide ideal ground cover
- Scurvy weed (Commelina cyanea)
- Kidney weed
- (Dichondra Repens)
- Knobby club rush (Ficinia nodosa)
- Maidenhair Fern
Shrubs and grasses that provide shelter and habit for lizard life
- Kangaroo Grass (Themeda triandra)
- Wallaby Grass (Austrodanthonia caespitosa)
- Tussock Grass (Poa labillardierei)
- Weeping Grass (Microlaena)
- Native Australian Rushes
- Basket grass (Lomandra longifolia)
Climber plants that provide shelter and food for lizard life
- Common Appleberry (Billardiera scandens)
- Old Man’s Beard (Usnea)
Shrubs that provide shelter and food for lizard life
- Tick bush (Kunzea ambigua)
- Tea tree (Melaleuca alternifolia)
Trees that provide protection within the bark and also camouflage.
- Blueberry ash
- Rough barked apple
A strolling blue tongue lizard will relish the taste of fallen fruit the Blueberry ash. If blue tongue lizards are on your list of neighborhood locals, we highly recommend Blueberry ash.
Install little wooden homes in your trees
Plant Local Grasses and get rid of Buffelgrass!
A lot of people are unaware that their grass was introduced from another country and unfortunately keeps away any local visitors.
Buffelgrass is one of the most common grasses that Australian mammals flick their noses to and also prevents local grass from taking root. Kangaroos and Wallabies will only graze for local grasses such as Tussock Grass, herbs, shrubs, and leaves.
Other grasses to avoid
If you’re in the Sydney region two other grasses to avoid is African Love Grass and Whiskey grass. Both are non natives to Australia and the locals won’t be particually impressed with them.
For smaller mammals, you’ll want to create small bush shelters that can provide a home and safety when foraging. Logs and branches are ideal. Leaving dead trees can attract insects to live, they’ll hollow out with time and can provide the perfect home for small mammals or rodents.
If you’re looking to attract larger mammals such as kangaroo’s or wallabies it’s going to depend on your location. Wallabies are far shyer than kangaroos and your best bet is to provide a water hole for them to visit.
Having an Echidna visit your garden
keep away your house pets at all cost
For you they may seem cute and cuddly, unfortuntly for native wild life they’ll cause huge harm. Our list of plants can help to protect the native species, but if you are going to create a diverse ecosystem you simply can’t allow cats or dogs outside. Even under your eye a dog or cat can easily kill a native lizard or small mammal.